Why did our ancestors need dolls?
In our age, dolls are, most often, children’s toys. But it was not always so. In ancient times, the Slavs took them quite seriously. Dolls were the main charms, each of them carried out their “duties”. Most identified with the image of female deities. About dolls of our ancestors in ShZh already have an article.
I will try to add it. Zernushka revered doll for the fact that she was “responsible” for a good harvest. But to grow and harvest is only half the battle. The harvest should provide a comfortable life and prosperity in the house. To do this without a doll Bogatka does not work, our ancestors believed. At its base, the doll had a wand, or a column, for which it was also called the Stolbushka.
For full prosperity in the house, it was necessary to ensure that the doll fell on a less stable base on an unstable basis. So that no one bothers the doll to fulfill its “duties”, it was hidden from prying eyes. The girl on the issue put a Kapustka doll by the window so that the grooms would not fear failure and knew that in this house the matchmakers would be welcome.
The busty doll symbolized the mother-nurse, in different places she was also called the Worm or Rozhanitsa. To protect the child from evil spirits and to calm in the cradle was the doll Insomnia. The mother twisted a simple little doll-charm out of two flaps and put the child in the cradle, saying: “Sonny insomnia, do not play with your child, but play with this doll.”
The dolls of our ancestors carried a good start and were faceless. No peepholes, buttons, noses and jaws bow. A doll with a face, in the opinion of the Slavs, was finding a soul and could be used for witchcraft and defamation. The making of the doll was a strictly feminine affair. Men were not allowed even to look at the process out of the corner of their eyes.
It was believed that the fate of the family and family depended on the quality of the labor of the hostess. Before embarking on such a responsible job, the woman tuned in and read the plots. The woman made the first doll at about 12–13 years old. The quality of the product made a conclusion about being ready for marriage. The most beautiful hand-made dolls were stored in a chest and were part of the dowry. Dolls accompanied our ancestors from birth. And even took part in the fate of the unborn child.
A couple of weeks before giving birth, a woman twisted a Kuwatka doll. Her name imitated the cry of a child – “Kuvakanie.” A doll was needed to warm the cradle for the baby, and with his arrival in our world had to drive away evil spirits. After the first fights, the woman in labor was taken to a bathhouse, where she, standing on her right knee, read the plot and wound the pieces of fabric on small sticks.
The diaper was supposed to be twelve. Each was named after the disease that they wished to take from the infant. This was the main “work” of diapers, which were also called females or shakers. If charms did not cope well with the “work” entrusted to them, the mother could scold Kuvatka and threaten to put her on the street.
Although most of the dolls were “women”, the protection of the crafts was entrusted to male dolls. They were kept in the workshops. Today there are probably only three known: the twins Kozma and Demian, and the sacrum of Andropushko. In our age of plastic Barbies, people have forgotten about rag dolls-amulets …