What children’s toys existed in antiquity?
A child from the earliest years begins to explore the world. It is very important that this happens in an entertaining way. The role of toys is difficult to overestimate. They can be called peculiar visual aids – they help to comprehend the surrounding reality, develop thinking and acquire certain skills.
People understood this in ancient times. The history of children’s toys dates back many millennia, as confirmed by archaeological finds. Voiced fun It is difficult to imagine the life of a small child without a rattle. Most likely, it was the most ancient toy. And sometimes it looked very exotic.
Sometimes it was a disk with bells attached to it. He was shaken, holding the handle. There were also animal figurines with a hollow body, into which stones were placed. The rattle served not only as children’s fun – it was perceived as a talisman. According to legends, her noise frightened dark forces. Many toys were made of wood.
This is far from being the most durable material, so little has come down to it today. Crafts made of clay, metal, and bone were much better preserved. However, murals and drawings on antique vases give a good idea of people and their household items, including toys. On the ancient Greek vessel from the Hermitage preserved the image of a children’s wagon with a body.
Adults could roll a baby in it. Toy carts were also found during excavations at the site of the Indian civilization. Other interesting finds in those places were clay bird whistles. The top known to everyone existed in Japan and China two thousand years ago. The direct prototypes of many modern toys were products created in ancient Egypt, as well as in Greece and Rome. Unique samples were found during the excavations of the city of Pompeii. Terrible predators and hardworking kneaders Very interesting toys of ancient Egypt. The earliest survivors belong to the middle of the third millennium BC. There are even mechanical figures among them. The crocodile and the tiger could open their mouths and threaten their teeth threateningly. This was achieved through the use of simple wire mechanism. Such products could not only amuse the child, but also remind him of caution – after all, in those parts of the meeting with predators were not uncommon. Very remarkable toy “dough kneader”. She portrayed a little man leaning over the board.
He was driven by a thread. It is enough to pull it for the little man to start moving up and down – as if really working on a test. The messenger was most likely a slave. This is not surprising – the toys of the ancient world were a reflection of their era. Dolls appeared a long time ago. The earliest ones were meant not for fun, but were ritual in nature.
It took a lot of time before the figures depicting people fell into children’s hands. But even then, the dolls did not lose their cult value. In Greece and Rome, the girls played them before marriage. Before the wedding, the dolls were treated in the temple. Samples for an inquisitive mind In the toys of ancient Greece, the figure of a horse was often played up.
As a rule, it was very generalized, but the main features of the appearance of the animal were transmitted fairly accurately. Often, figures of horses and riders were molded out of clay. Here you can draw a parallel with Russian toys – such images are present in the products of folk handicrafts. Animals could be not only real, but also mythical. In Greece, there was a toy “Trojan Horse” – this is exactly what the clever Odyssey proposed to build. Adults could tell the children what an amusing figure depicted, and then they could play what they heard.
Also a good opportunity to get acquainted with the history of his native country. Antique thinkers have repeatedly mentioned toys. Aristotle recognized their importance in the cause of education. Plato emphasized that toys – this is what the inquisitive children’s mind can test themselves. Every child really wants to learn something interesting and learn new skills. The purpose of toys is to help children develop harmoniously. This is true both for antiquity and for our time.