What is fascinating porcelain dolls Marina Bychkova?
From time immemorial, girls were amused by dolls. They were made of grass, straw, fur, bone, wood, clay and other natural materials. The first dolls were rather primitive, but they were tried to be made mobile, they were put on clothes and decorated.
In ancient Greece in the V-IV centuries BC, dolls were made of terracotta – baked clay, limbs fastened with ropes. Uncomplicated figurines made of baked clay found in mounds surprise with their beauty and originality.
Until the XIX century, manufactories produced only wooden and wax dolls. The first porcelain dolls appeared at the beginning of the XIX century. For their manufacture used Chinese porcelain. In the middle of the XIX century in Germany, they learned how to get their own porcelain. At the same time in Europe there were the first factories that produced porcelain dolls. Leadership belonged to German and French masters.
Nowadays, one of the most famous masters of porcelain dolls in the whole world is Canadian artist-designer of Russian origin, Marina Bychkova. She was born in Siberia in Novokuznetsk in 1982, at the age of 14, moved with her family to Canada to the city of Vancouver. There she graduated from high school and the Institute of Artistic Design.
Marina was fond of dolls since childhood: the girl loved to draw paper dolls. She said: “I believe that I was born into the world to make dolls.” Marina made her first dolls from polymer plastics and dressed them in beaded dresses. Having mastered the possibilities of polymeric materials, the artist turned to classical material – porcelain, which, unlike synthetic materials, is safer and more durable. Bychkova porcelain products rarely break, it happens only with thin handles and legs of dolls. Her articulated dolls deserve special attention.
She uses miniature steel springs to fasten parts. So that the parts do not wear out, they apply suede at the joints of the hinges. Such hinges never go loose. Marina dolls masters only by hand. Paints them with special Chinese paints. After applying each layer, they are burned, which makes them resistant to the external environment.
Dolls with such a painting, if necessary, can be washed, but with care that the water does not fall inside the metal springs. The main materials for the hair are natural silk or mohair, such hair can be washed with shampoo and blow-dry. Marina treats the clothes and decorations of dolls with special care. She works on them for about 350 hours, in general, she makes about 500 hours to make a doll. The artist embroiders the clothes of dolls by hand with Japanese and Czech beads, freshwater pearls and gems.
She also creates silver and gold jewelry herself. The works of Marina Bychkova were highly appreciated and recognized all over the world, they were exhibited at many international exhibitions. The work of the Canadian artist gave people an inspired doll. Appeared style of fine art, called the style of Marina Bychkova. Each doll has its own history and its own inner world.
Her dolls embody the images of literary characters, fairy-tale characters, historical figures and ordinary people from the people. The artist creates social types, reflecting her attitude to the position of a person in the modern world and historical past. According to Marina, she makes the dolls realistic – they convey all the vital emotions of a person: joy, sadness, sadness, pain, anger, delight.
Marina embodies her fantasies and love for fairy tales, myths, her interest in the national peculiarities of the peoples of the world in tender porcelain dolls. Bychkov has the author’s seal, which is affixed to the body and behind the ear of the doll. Marina Porcelain dolls are very expensive, but the demand for them is growing rapidly. The artist is the founder of the brand of porcelain dolls The Enchanted Doll, which translates as “Charming doll.” Nowadays, interest in dolls has increased dramatically. When purchasing products made by craftsmen or independently making simplest dolls, we find ourselves in an amazing and mysterious world. Once arisen craving for dolls will remain with us forever.