How to make a Slavic ritual-puppet doll? The easiest way
All techniques of making folk doll ceremonies are simple and do not require much effort. But, probably, there is nothing easier, than to make a Kukadka doll. Let’s try? You will need two strips of fabric and thread. The material must be natural (cotton or linen).
An indispensable condition – do not use new fabric. Take shreds of old clothes (or used bed linen). In addition, it should be “happy” textiles, that is, one that you did not wear during times of hardship, sad periods of life, stressful or conflict situations.
Traditionally, the manufacturing process does not use piercing and cutting objects (needles with scissors). Fabric and thread will have to tear hands. If the edge remains a fringe – nothing, not scary. So even more colorful, immediately obvious – handmade. And if you look for a comforting explanation among connoisseurs of coastal symbolism, then you can stumble upon an interesting thought: the smooth structure of the fabric weave reflects the orderliness of the world, and the loose thread fringe – universal chaos.
It is good when both of them are present in the doll amulet, symbolizing the limb of the object. By the way, experts are convinced that every hand-made thing possesses some protective force and explain this with sympathetic magic. From this point of view, any product of decorative and applied arts can be considered a talisman (whether it is a quilling panel, a vytinanka, a figurine from plain paper or a surreal installation from cans). But back to our Kuvadkam.
For the manufacture of pupae, it is preferable to use traditional colors with a special meaning. For example, red symbolizes life and fertility; white – purity, righteousness, order. But if there are no red-and-white patches at hand, it doesn’t matter. From century to century, with the development of the textile industry, the color range of folk rituals and coastal dolls also changed. So “preferable” is not read at all as “without fail”. Take what is. Fabric measure hands, as in the old days – along the length of the finger, palm, hand.
For Kuvadki need scraps of different sizes. One is two index fingers long and a little finger wide. The second is a length of one index finger and a half-mini wide. We start with a large rag. Mentally divide it in half along the long side. Twice we fold the fabric towards the center from one and the other side. Bend the fabric along the mental center line (as the book is closed). Now we bend the resulting twist-column in half. Strongly stroked his fingers, giving a flat shape. The body of the doll is ready.
In the same way we prepare a shred less, only we do not bend it in half. Plus, a little backing down, thread (in three turns) tightly wrap each of the ends of the workpiece. The result is symbolic cuffs on the handles of the future Kuvadka. We tied the threads and cut off. We hide long “tails” in the folds of the fabric. It remains only to connect the disparate puppet details. The big workpiece-body is again mentally divided in half – in this place there will be a “waist”, a lower border. The upper part is once again mentally divided in half and mark the “neck”, the upper limit.
Between the layers of fabric, focusing on the mark-border insert the detail of the Kuvadka pens. We fix the thread, twisting the “neck”, “waist” and, like a military sword belt, a crosswise pattern of “chest” and “back”. We knot, we cut off the ends of the thread, and again we hide the “tails” in the folds of the fabric. That’s it! Charm is ready. On the basis of technology for the manufacture of simple Kuvadki you can try to experiment with options.
It is also very simple. If instead of one blank for pens to make five, then ultimately you will have a Charm-Ten handle. The master craftsmen of the ritual oberezhnykh dolls recommend formulating a wish-request for each of the hands of the future assistant and sentence them at the time of manufacture (something like “But this pen will help me in the country house, but this one is in business, and this one to rustle at home, but this one is … “). At the same time you will count all your pressing problems.
If you put a wooden stick into one long blank-hand (a birch or hazel will do) and strut two pupae on it at once, then you will get a Wedding Cutter, which is traditionally presented to the newlyweds. True, in this case, you will have to take care of a clear visualization of the female and male figures. To do this, the bride-Shotgun is left as it is, and the groom-Kuvadka is formed into symbolic pants, separating the lower ends-legs of the workpiece and tying them with thread. In conclusion, I can not fail to mention one more nuance on which the master manufacturers with experience always emphasize the attention of newcomers. The very first ritual-puppet doll, made by hand, to give or give is not accepted – a bad omen. Therefore, if you decide to practice in the ancient Slavic craft, save the result of your first work.